Usually for one construction of a new building, it matters lots of consideration between the balance of cost and quality. So, the materials that are both useful and economical are favored in the building construction. And the most favorable one among them is the Aluminum profile, both economical and fair for the building structure.
The construction industry is one of the three major markets of aluminum profile industry, about 20% of the world's total aluminum production used for the construction industry. Especially, some countries with developed aluminum industry use the aluminum profile in the construction industry more than 30% of the total aluminum production. In recent years, the construction aluminum profile products continue to update, such as the color aluminum plate, composite aluminum plate, composite aluminum windows and doors profiles, aluminum profile template and other novel building products, and their applications are also increasing year by year. China has made great progress in the aluminum industry and civil building in which the aluminum profile products gradually expand from the traditional ones, like roofs, walls, doors and windows, to the internal and external decoration, construction templates, etc..
Features and functions
Firstly, the capacity of the aluminum profile is about 1/3 of steel, and the specific strength (the ratio between strength limit and specific gravity) is equal or more than structural steel. Secondly, aluminum profile is easy to process into a variety of shapes and adapt to a variety of connection process, so as to provide favorable conditions for the building structure to use the most economical cross-section form. Thirdly, the aluminum profile can not only greatly reduce the weight of the building, save the material aluminum industry, but also can reduce the transport of components, installation workload to speed up the construction progress. This is more obviously economically effectively for the earthquake area, the inconvenient mountainous areas and other remote areas. Last but not least, the aluminum profile has advantages of glamorous appearance, good corrosion resistance, high reflectivity of light and heat, and excellent sound absorption. It can be colored in a variety of colors through chemical and electrochemical methods, too. Therefore, the aluminum profile is widely used in industrial and civil construction for the roof, walls, doors and windows, skeleton, the inner and outer decorative panels, ceilings, railings, handrails, interior furniture, store containers and construction templates.
According to their different production, the sorts of aluminum profile are divided into the casted aluminum profile and the deformed aluminum profile. The deformed aluminum profile is generally used in buildings, which is processed into the plate, foil and strip by rolling, and the bar, tube and a variety of complex shaped profiles by extrusion. And the Deformed aluminum profile is also categorized further, according to its function and use, into rust-proof aluminum, hard aluminum, super-hard aluminum and special aluminum.
Aluminum scale potential is -1.67 volts, and the chemical nature is very lively so that it is easy to work with the oxygen in the air to form a layer of solid dense oxide film. In the ordinary atmosphere and clean water, the aluminum has good resistance to erosion. But when contact with steel or other metal materials, the aluminum profile will have electrochemical erosion, and in a humid environment, it can also be eroded by reacting with the concrete, cement mortar, lime and other alkaline materials, as well as the wood and soil. Therefore, the aluminum profile requires some appropriate anti-corrosion treatment.
The pure aluminum has a low strength and its use is limited. But adding a small amount of one or several alloying elements, such as magnesium, silicon, manganese, copper, zinc, iron, chromium, titanium, etc., the aluminum alloy obtains different performances. And then through cold processing and heat treatment, the aluminum alloy can be enhanced and hardened with the greatly improved tensile strength.
The production process of construction products made of the aluminum alloy: being processed into cast products, foil, plates, belts, tubes, rods, profiles, etc. at first, and then by cold bending, sawing, drilling, assembly, coloring.
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